27.5. Instructions on driving

Never move a setup with the idle engine

Many units at the same time do not work (for example, signaling devices, the amplifier of the brake drive, the amplifier of the steering mechanism, system of airbags of safety). You subject in danger of and other participants of the movement.

Amplifier of the brake drive

Do not begin the movement until vacuum in the vacuum amplifier of brakes is created, otherwise when braking it is necessary to put considerable effort to a pedal of a brake.

The steering mechanism with the amplifier

If the amplifier of the steering drive fails, for example, during towage with the idle engine, then the car continues to be operated, however, application of great efforts is demanded.

Frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine

In all road conditions to drive the car in the optimum range of frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine.

Switching to the lowest transfer

At reduction of speed to switch to lower transfer, not to revolve coupling with the increased frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine. It is especially important during the movement in mountain conditions.


To press a coupling pedal at full capacity to prevent difficulties at gear shifting and not to damage the transmission. Around pedals there should be no rugs.

Do not use a coupling pedal in the course of driving as a support for a leg, otherwise the accelerated wear of clutch plates is possible.

Safety of the rechargeable battery

During driving at a small speed or stops, for example, at the movement in the city, during short-term trips and stoppages, whenever possible to disconnect consumers of the electric power (glass heating, additional headlights etc.).

At launch of the engine to switch off coupling to avoid resistance of idling of the transmission, to unload a starter and the rechargeable battery.


The engine consumes fuel and when idling.

Already during stops the engine makes sense to stop more than 1 minute. Five minutes of operation of the engine on idling correspond to one kilometer of a way.

Mode of compulsory idling

During the mode of compulsory idling fuel supply is automatically turned off, e.g., during the movement under a bias or when braking.

During this mode not to "increase speed" and not to switch off coupling that the system of shutdown of supply of fuel for reduction of fuel consumption worked.

In due time switch transfers

High values of frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.

You do not bring rotation frequency to high values. Too high speed on separate transfers or steps increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.

Management according to indications of a tachometer helps to save fuel. Try to drive on each transfer the car with small frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine (a comment between 2000 and 3000 rpm) and with a uniform speed.

Air pressure in tires

Air pressure in tires specifies norms because of increase in resistance of swing to increase in costs of increase in fuel consumption and on the increased wear of tires below.

Additional consumers

Inclusion additional consume leu of power increases fuel consumption.

It is necessary to disconnect additional consumers (the conditioner, the warmed back glass, additional headlights etc.) if their work is not required.

Recommendations about driving of the car

At the movement through pools it is necessary to be extremely attentive as they can hide holes and potholes on which it is possible to damage disks of wheels and a detail of a suspension bracket.

Moisture on elements of system of ignition can get and stop the engine at movement along the road to time of a heavy rain. A good and well-tried remedy for prevention of an otsyrevaniye of elements of system of ignition is their preliminary processing by water-repellent medicines in aerosol package.

Show special attention and care the first minutes after the beginning of a rain as the moistened dust on a paving forms the soap film which is sharply reducing coupling of tires with the road.

Regularly during the movement you carry out easy snubbing of the car to dry brakes as efficiency of crude brakes sharply falls.

During overtaking include стеклоочис a titel of a windshield on the maximum mode as it will help to avoid loss of visibility due to possible emission of water from under a wheel, the overtaken transport. It is desirable to apply such precautionary measures and in case overtake you.

With approach of twilight turn on passing beam of headlights. If your car is painted in dark color, turn on passing beam a little earlier, so against the background of dark asphalt your car is not noticeable and its emergence for drivers of counter transport becomes unexpected.

Be careful on wet or slippery sections of roads. Do not allow sharp braking with risk to block wheels that will inevitably lead to a drift. For this purpose drive the car smoothly, without sharp turns.

The brake way depends on reliability of operation of the most brake system, a condition of a protector of tires, load of the car, a profile of the road, type and a condition of a paving, and also on car speed. The brake way increases in proportion to a speed square i.e. if speed increases twice, then the brake way increases four times.

That brake shoes did not freeze to drums after movement along wet roads at sharp fluctuations of temperatures, do not leave the car on the open area with the tightened parking brake, without having dried a brake smooth braking at the movement to the parking.